US FDA Clears First 3D-Printed Prescription Drug

The Food and Drug Administration has approved the first prescription drug made through 3D printing: a dissolvable tablet that treats seizures.Aprecia Pharmaceuticals said Monday the FDA approved its drug Spritam for adults and children who suffer from certain types of seizures caused by epilepsy. The tablet is manufactured through a layered process via 3D printing and dissolves when taken with liquid.

The Ohio-based company says its printing system can package potent drug doses of up to 1,000 milligrams into individual tablets. It expects to launch Spritam in the first quarter of 2016.

The FDA has previously approved medical devices – including prosthetics – made with 3D printing. An agency spokeswoman confirmed the new drug is the first prescription tablet approved that uses the process.

Aprecia said in a statement it plans to develop other medications using its 3D platform in coming years, including more neurological drugs. The company is privately owned.

Doctors are increasingly turning to 3D printing to create customized implants for patients with rare conditions and injuries, including children who cannot be treated with adult-size devices. The FDA held a workshop last year for medical manufacturers interested in the technology.

New Lab-on-a-Chip to Better Diagnose Asthma, Tuberculosis

Researchers have developed a low-cost lab-on-a-chip device to analyse sputum from patients with pulmonary diseases such as tuberculosis and asthma.”To develop more accurate diagnosis and treatment approaches for patients with pulmonary diseases, we have to analyse sample cells directly from the lungs rather than by drawing blood,” said one of the inventors Tony Jun Huang, professor at the Pennsylvania State University in the US.

“This (device) will offer quick analysis of samples without having to send them out to a centralised lab,” said first author of the study Po-Hsun Huang from the Pennsylvania State University.

“This is the first on-chip sputum liquefier anyone has developed so far,” Huang said.

There are several issues with the current standard method for sputum analysis.

The first is that human specimens can be contagious, and sputum analysis requires handling of specimens in several discrete machines.

With this device, all biospecimens are safely contained in a single disposable component.

Another issue is the sample size required for analysis in the current system, which is often larger than a person can easily produce.

The acoustofluidic sputum liquefier created by Huang’s group requires 100 times less sample while still providing accuracy equivalent to the standard system, the study said.

A further issue is that current systems are difficult to use and require trained operators.

With the lab-on-a-chip system, a nurse can operate the device with a touch of a few buttons and get a read out, or the patient could even operate the device at home, said the study published in the journal Lab on a Chip

Nasa Captures Earth Flyby of ‘Space Peanut’

Nasa scientists have captured a peanut-shaped asteroid that approached close to Earth last weekend. The next time an asteroid will approach Earth this close will be in 2054.The asteroid named 1999 JD6 appears to be a contact binary – an asteroid with two lobes that are stuck together.

On July 24, the asteroid made its closest approach to Earth at a distance of about 7.2 million kms, or about 19 times the distance from Earth to the moon.

“Radar imaging has shown that about 15 percent of near-Earth asteroids larger than 600 feet, including 1999 JD6, have this sort of lobed, peanut shape,” said Lance Benner of Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, in a statement.

To obtain the views, researchers paired Nasa’s Deep Space Network antenna at Goldstone, California with the National Science Foundation Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia.

The images show the asteroid is highly elongated, with a length of approximately two kms on its long axis.

Nasa’s asteroid-tracking mission places a high priority on tracking asteroids and protecting our home planet from them.

Last week, Nasa said its Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) is preparing for the arrival of Nasa’s next Mars lander called InSight next year, with its biggest orbit manoeuvre since 2006.

On Wednesday, the Mars orbiter was engaged in a 77-second firing of six intermediate-size thrusters to adjust the orbit timing of the veteran spacecraft.

The move will put the orbiter in position to receive radio transmissions from InSight as the newcomer descends through the Martian atmosphere and touches down on September 28 next year, the US space agency said in a statement.

Porn Sites Blocked in India – Everything You Need to Know

Over the weekend, many Indian Internet users on sites like Reddit and Twitter claimed that they were unable to access popular porn sites – the blocking seemed restricted to just a few ISPs, according to what the users were reporting. NDTV Gadgets was able to independently confirm that customers of MTNL and Hathway in Mumbai were greeted by a blank page when visiting websites like Youporn and Pornhub, but websites seem to be loading just fine on Airtel in Delhi, causing some confusion about why exactly sites are being blocked on some ISPs.

Now, it appears that the blocks are indeed taking place based on a government order, and it would appear that the telecom operators and Internet Service Providers (ISPs) have been asked to block a whopping 857 porn sites, in what might be the largest blocking order ever, in India.

According to a report, an ISP confirmed that it received a list of 857 URLs from the Department of Telecommunications on Friday, July 31.

“It’s a list of 857 URLs. Most of the sites [on the list] are pornographic. I would say 100% of the sites,” a senior manager of an ISP, who did not want to be named, told Legally India.

Later reports have confirmed this with three ISPs all saying that the order was received late on Friday, which is why the blocks appear to be taking place in a slapdash fashion right now. The list of URLs that the government has ordered to be blocked is not available at the moment.

When more details of the 857 URLs that the ISPs have to block become available, it will be valuable to see how accurate and relevant this new list is. However, in the past few weeks, we have witnessed many URLs sites like YouTube and Imgur also being briefly blocked, so there’s clearly need for more transparency in this process.

Although there has been talk of banning porn websites in the country, the Supreme Court recently declined a plea to pass an interim order to block porn websites in India.

“Such interim orders cannot be passed by this court. Somebody may come to the court and say look I am above 18 and how can you stop me from watching it within the four walls of my room. It is a violation of Article 21 [right to personal liberty],” Chief Justice H.L. Dattu reportedly said last month.

Without transparency about whose orders the blocks are coming on, or what laws are being used for the blocks, we are left in a situation where any content could easily be banned. Today, it is pornography which is not a popular subject to publicly fight for; however these same laws could be used to secretly take down any kinds of content, which is why the entire process needs to be more transparent.

Nasa Working to Avoid Traffic Jams Around Mars

With two more Mars orbiters sent into space last year, including India’s MOM probe, traffic has picked up around the red planet – so much so that Nasa has bolstered its traffic monitoring process to avoid spacecraft collisions.The US space agency has beefed up a process of traffic monitoring, communication and manoeuvre planning to ensure that Mars orbiters do not approach each other too closely.

Last year’s addition of two new spacecraft orbiting Mars brought the census of active Mars orbiters to five, the most ever, Nasa said.

Nasa’s Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution (MAVEN) and India’s Mars Orbiter Mission joined the 2003 Mars Express from ESA (the European Space Agency) and two from Nasa: the 2001 Mars Odyssey and the 2006 Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO).

The newly enhanced collision-avoidance process also tracks the approximate location of Nasa’s Mars Global

Surveyor, a 1997 orbiter that is no longer working. It’s not just the total number that matters, but also the types of orbits missions use for achieving their science goals.

“Previously, collision avoidance was coordinated between the Odyssey and MRO navigation teams,” said Robert Shotwell, Mars Programme chief engineer at Nasa’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California.

“There was less of a possibility of an issue. MAVEN’s highly elliptical orbit, crossing the altitudes of other orbits, changes the probability that someone will need to do a collision-avoidance manoeuvre.

“We track all the orbiters much more closely now. There’s still a low probability of needing a manoeuvre, but it’s something we need to manage,” said Shotwell.

Traffic management at Mars is much less complex than in Earth orbit, where more than 1,000 active orbiters plus additional pieces of inactive hardware add to hazards.

As Mars exploration intensifies, though, and will continue to do so with future missions, precautions are increasing.

The new process was established to manage this growth as new members are added to the Mars orbital community in years to come, Nasa said.

All five active Mars orbiters use the communication and tracking services of Nasa’s Deep Space Network, which is managed at Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

This brings trajectory information together, and engineers can run computer projections of future trajectories out to a few weeks ahead for comparisons.

“It’s a monitoring function to anticipate when traffic will get heavy,” said Joseph Guinn, manager of JPL’s Mission Design and Navigation Section.

“When two spacecraft are predicted to come too close to one another, we give people a heads-up in advance so the project teams can start coordinating about whether any manoeuvres are needed,” said Guinn.

The amount of uncertainty in the predicted location of a Mars orbiter a few days ahead is more than two kilometres

How to meet all requirements for the student loan facility?

On the off chance that you are a student requiring financial guide, one of the financial guides accessible to you is a student loan. In extremely straightforward terms, a student loan is a loan you take out and utilization to pay the expenses of your college educational cost. Contrasted with different sorts of loans, a student loan has a lower interest rates. While student loan can be secretly sponsored, most student loans are government sponsored.

Comprehend Your Loan Amount

When you first consider requesting the student loan facility, you must comprehend your loan amount. This is urgent as there are different components that should have been contemplated before you can request this financial guide. One primary contrast is that, central amount for Indian instruction is totally unique in relation to the loan for an outside one. Moreover, a few foundations will offer the loan just for the scholarly purpose, though others incorporate the lodging stay and the inclusion of stationary buy. Since you will be repaying this financial credit when you start your job, you will need to arrange your possible salary before you settle for a worthy EMI. Be that as it may, when the time desires the repayment, you will be obliged to pay high interest for the huge financial guide.

Utilize a Student Loan Calculator

To help give you a thought what your payments will be after graduation, verify you’re utilizing a genuine student loan calculator. A student loan calculator is an uncommon sort of calculator. It must be capable of calculating in a suspension period. This is on the grounds that student loans are interesting in the sense the payments don’t start until after graduation.

Do the Necessary Research

Distinctive banking and financial organizations have diverse offerings with regards to the development credit. With a touch of examination, you can discover the best rates and offering for student loans. You can simply hunt down the foundation that will offer you an adaptable residency while furnishing you with adequate interest rates. A few establishments will likewise offer you a broadened beauty period in the matter of repaying the financial credit. The best way to locate the best student loan facility for Indian instruction and remote training is to direct an exhaustive examination.

Have a Financial Backer

It can be somewhat stressful for students who have recently gotten their degree to instantly look for the ideal job. The student himself will have one less thing to stress over. In this manner he can without much of a stretch seek a job without the extra push of stressing over salary. This is essential particularly with regards to the loan for the remote training as the amount is considerably bigger than the loan for Indian instruction.

Consider your record as a consumer, your capacity to pay the loan back and the interest rate when you are petitioning a student loan. On the off chance that your student loan application gets sanction, make a budget. Paying off your student loan facility ought to be one of your needs. In the event that at all possible, abstain from borrowing an excess of cash.